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Haliotis midae   Linnaeus, 1758

Perlemoen abalone

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Haliotis midae  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Haliotidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Lepetellida | Haliotidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 81186).  Subtropical, preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 32°S - 35°S, 18°E - 30°E (Ref. 81186)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southeast Atlantic: South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - 2.5 cm Max length : 25.0 cm ShL male/unsexed; (Ref. 356)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is one of 5 Haliotis species endemic to South Africa. It is the largest and most abundant of the abalone species in this country. Found on rocky reefs between the intertidal and subtidal zones up to a depth of 10 m (Ref. 81186). Peak spawning observed between April and June (Ref. 105514).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Broadcast spawner. No mating behavior. Spawning is initiated by the release of sperm cloud stimulating the females to release their eggs. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into trocophore larva moving actively in the water column and shortly after develops into veliger larvae, followed by substrate settlement and metamorphosis. Also Refs. 81186, 105512, 105513.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

  Endangered (EN) (A2ad); Date assessed: 10 November 2020

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 17 - 22.2, mean 19.9 (based on 38 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): High.