Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 25 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Mounds or cushions: 2 - 4 cm thick, pinkish to violet externally, lighter internally. Smooth, punctuate surface, sometimes with small tubercles: 0.1 - 0.2 cm high; 0.1 cm wide. Compressible, but soft. Oscules scattered: 0.5 - 1 cm wide (Ref. 415). Grows massive or in rounded mounds (Ref. 86785).
Body thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.3 - 28.2, mean 27.2 (based on 495 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)