Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific and Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive-amorphous to ramose, black to dark green externally, black with yellow tinges internally. Surface varies from smooth, to tuberculate to conulose. Oscules raised above the body: 0.3 - 10 cm wide. Compressible to the touch. Smooth surface, with detachable skin (Ref. 415).
Shallow coastal environments, mangroves and seagrass beds (Ref. 415); reef habitat (Ref. 836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.8 - 28.3, mean 27 (based on 317 cells).