Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 10 - 2300 m (Ref. 120471). Subtropical
Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific Oceans.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
This is an attached species (Ref. 3123), found on hard substrates at depths of 10 to 15 m (Ref. 87801). Found on depths of 10 to 2300 m (Ref. 120471).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reproduction occurs only in hydroid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 19).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.4 - 15.6, mean 9.9 (based on 1164 cells).