Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Southern Atlantic and the Antarctic. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 784.30 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 4.12 cm; tarsus: 5.2 cm; wing: 32.8 cm.
Total Length: 81 to 94 cm; Wingspan: 114 to 120 cm (Ref. 8812). Surface seizing; dipping; pack-ice (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Norman, F.I. and S.J. Ward. 1992. (Ref. 5084)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100)