Appendicularia | Copelata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 1134). Subtropical; 15°C - 27°C (Ref. 1134)
Warm waters of all oceans.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1610)
Minimum depth from Ref. 3475. Marine, planktonic; not deeper than 200 m (Ref. 1134). Prefers neritic ambience (Ref. 3531). Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults.
Kott, P. 2005. (Ref. 1134)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.8 - 26.9, mean 20.6 (based on 332 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)