Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Atlantic Ocean. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726)
Occurs in shallow waters of less than 50 m to depths of 200m, in areas of silt to fine sand (Ref. 96391). Sessile (Ref. 3123). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)