Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 415). Subtropical
Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Belize; Venezuela and Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive amorphous to lobate. Color: black to purplish gray externally, tan internally. Very smooth skin that wrinkles when lifted out of the water. Consistency compressible and dense, easily torn (Ref. 415).
Rare species; exclusive of reef habitats, under 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.2 - 28.1, mean 27.5 (based on 431 cells).