Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 415). Subtropical
Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Belize; Venezuela and Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive amorphous to lobate. Color: black to purplish gray externally, tan internally. Very smooth skin that wrinkles when lifted out of the water. Consistency compressible and dense, easily torn (Ref. 415).
Rare species; exclusive of reef habitats, under 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.2 - 28.1, mean 27.5 (based on 431 cells).