Scaphopoda | Dentaliida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 1641 - 1641 m (Ref. 1821). Temperate
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Northwest Atlantic: Japan Trench. Subtropical to boreal climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2071); common length : 2.7 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2071)
Shell: very thin, translucent to transparent, slightly curved and slender, expanding gradually. Radula: Rachidian; superior border with three central projections that eroded quickly and absent in the anterior rows; laterals with pronounced head with a prominent primary cusp, one low posterior secondary denticle and one sharp anterior secondary denticle which is followed by a short nodulose ridge; marginals weakly sinusoidal, outer border wider than that adjacent to the laterals. Mantel edges: anterior with short longitudinal slits positioned dorsoventrally and leads posteriorly from the frontal epithelium of the mantel edge and close to form a short tube; posterior mantel edge forms a valve apparatus with a ventral bolster of connective tissue; a ring of large cells with long cilia outside of the valve apparatus; a two to three-fiber ligament runs from between the statocysts and extending posteriorly to attach at the buccal septum; with two pairs of dorsoventral muscles in the abdominal region, a large inner pair and a smaller outer pair.
Depth based from holotype (Ref. 1821); to be replaced with a better reference. Length values from type series (Ref. 2071). Members of the class Scaphopoda are gonochoric. Fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into free-swimming lecithotrophic trochophore larvae, succeeded by shelled veligers (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Scaphopoda are gonochoric. Fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into free-swimming lecithotrophic trochophore larvae, succeeded by shelled veligers.
Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat. 2004. (Ref. 1821)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)