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Eledone cirrhosa   (Lamarck, 1798)

horned octopus

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eledone cirrhosa  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eledone cirrhosa (horned octopus)
Eledone cirrhosa
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Cephalopoda | Octopoda | Octopodidae | Eledoninae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 5 - 500 m (Ref. 96968), usually 60 - 120 m (Ref. 96968).  Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 70°N - 30°N, 26°W - 22°E (Ref. 275)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.1, range 7 - 16.5 cm Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96968); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 275)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs from sand and mud, to broken rock and rocky reefs (Ref. 96968). Females predominate at depths of 30 to 80 m, males at depths below 100 m (Ref. 275). Male spermatangia reach ovary before the release of sperms (Ref. 2569). Also Ref. 80232.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male spermatangia reach ovary before the release of sperms (Ref. 2569). Also Ref. 80232.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.8 - 14.3, mean 9.7 (based on 658 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high