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Echinus esculentus   Linnaeus, 1758

European edible sea urchin
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Image of Echinus esculentus (European edible sea urchin)
Echinus esculentus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Echinoidea | Echinoida | Echinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 96312).  Temperate, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 81°N - 38°N, 43°W - 30°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic: From Svalbard, UK and the Faeroes, east to the North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat to Finnmark, Norway, north to Greenland and Iceland and south to Portugal. Temperate to polar.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 17.6 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 101443); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 101443)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It is found on the upper subtidal, and intertidally on low spring tides from depths of 0 to 100 meters. They graze and feed on a variety of plant and animal material (Ref. 96312). Small eggs, seasonally produced, spawning varies with latitude (Ref. 96312).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Small eggs, seasonally produced, spawning varies with latitude (Ref. 96312).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.5 - 12.4, mean 10.3 (based on 538 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown