Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 114594). Subtropical; 69°N - 5°S, 26°W - 37°E (Ref. 78075)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.6 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2758)
Minimum depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2758, p. 805); to be replaced with better reference. Exists in a front (Ref. 122116). Inhabits coarse sands and fine gravels (Ref. 2780). Burrows deeply in sand, mud and gravel bottoms from intertidal to a depth of 70 m (Ref. 114594). Also found in Zostera marina bed (Ref. 122139). An active suspension feeder (Ref. 96376). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos, P. Vasconcelos and C.C. Monteiro. 2002. (Ref. 2736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9.7 - 20, mean 12.5 (based on 525 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)