Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-West Pacific: from East Africa to the Philippines; north to China and south to Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 9.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Also found in shallow subtidal waters (Ref. 348).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.64).
): 28.4 - 29.4, mean 29 (based on 173 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).