Ascidiacea | Stolidobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1500 - 5000 m (Ref. 2892). Temperate
Northeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: St. Paul and Amsterdam.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Monniot, C. and F. Monniot. 1975. (Ref. 2892)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 2.2 - 3.3, mean 2.8 (based on 539 cells).