Echinoidea | Diadematoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 81020). Tropical
Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean: from Red Sea to South Pacific Islands and Japan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Common in the sublittoral fringe around protected rocky coastlines (Ref. 102838). Found on muddy substrate (Ref. 2931). Occurs in assemblages in reef areas with high percentage of dead corals (Ref. 800). Common on Porites-dominated coral reefs; less common on Acropora assemblage (Ref. 102838). Feeds on algae that grows on dead corals or rubble area (Ref. 800).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins.
Schoppe, S. 2000. (Ref. 800)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.2 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1154 cells).