Gastropoda | Thecosomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3702). Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines, China, and Kermadec. Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Juveniles are abundant at depths of 50 to 100 m, while adults are abundant between 0 to 50 m (Ref. 3702). Dead shells rarely washed up on the beaches (Ref. 88739). Members of the order Thecosomata are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 102997).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Thecosomata are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Templado, J. and R. Villanueva. 2010. (Ref. 85339)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.7 - 28.8, mean 27 (based on 1282 cells).