Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 0 - 75 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Atlantic and Western Pacific: Caribbean wide, tropical Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Growth is highly variable from thick crusts to massive lobate, or sparsely to profusely branching. Smooth surface with barely visible pale dermal canals towards the oscules. Exterior is pink or pale reddish to lavender-gray to almost white. Interior is always dark red. Soft, compressible and elastic; interior crumbly. Elevated oscules with a white conical membrane (Ref. 85482).
Known from rocky bottoms (Ref. 83912). Widely distributed in shallow reef habitats, lagoons (Ref. 415), mangrove and seagrass. Early colonizer of shallow artificial reefs (Ref. 85482). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.9 - 29, mean 27.6 (based on 1186 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)