Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 106 m (Ref. 88997). Temperate; 44°N - 51°S, 34°E - 78°W
Indo-Pacific. Subtropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth range from Ref. 119629. Ahermatypic. Attached to rocky substrates, from immediate subtidal to depths >30 m (Ref. 119628). Uncommon on overhangs and in reef crevices at depths between 6 to 106 m (Ref. 88997).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Andrew, N. and M. Francis. 2003. (Ref. 82739)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.9 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1440 cells).