Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from Mauritius Island, but probably not on the East African coast, to eastern Polynesia; north to Japan and south to northern Queensland and New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 5.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Mainly used as an ornamental shell (Ref. 348). Found in intertidal reef flats wherein it is attached to its substrate via its small byssus (Ref. 799). The flattish posterior surface of shell lying horizontally just beneath the surface. Sometimes in dense colonies (Ref. 348).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3823 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).