Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthopelagic; depth range 100 - 801 m (Ref. 2279). Polar
The Antarctic: South Shetland.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults.
Child, C.A. 1995. (Ref. 2279)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.8 - 1.3, mean -0.7 (based on 493 cells).