Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 3610 m (Ref. 1680). Polar
Antarctic and Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Continental rise, continental shelf, continental slope, intertidal (Ref. 1456); Coastal to abyssal (Ref. 19). Found to feed exclusively on hydroids (Ref. 121217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults.
León, T.M. 2001. (Ref. 1669)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.9 - 1.7, mean 0.4 (based on 1300 cells).