Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thin encrusting; 0.2 cm thick; continuously covering the substratum. Brown to gray in color. Oscula: 0.2 - 0.3 cm wide with a cream colored rim. Papillae may be distinguished on small specimens or growing on rims (Ref. 415).
Maximum thickness: 0.2 cm (Ref. 415). Mostly deeper than 6 m, sometimes in shallow rubble (Ref. 415). Also occurs in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.4 - 28.2, mean 27.2 (based on 118 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)