Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 114918). Temperate, preferred 5°C (Ref. 107945); 68°N - 32°N, 167°W - 164°E
Arctic, Northwest and Eastern Pacific: from California (San Diego), Alaska, Chukchi Sea and Aleutian Islands to Kamchatka and northern Japan (Hokkaido). Subtropical to boreal.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 14.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344); max. reported age: 18 years (Ref. 8702)
Found along the intertidal zone, in sheltered areas in sand-gravel substrate (Ref. 95344).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
GBIF. 2007. (Ref. 8310)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 4.6 - 14.3, mean 8.8 (based on 266 cells).