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Clangula hyemalis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

long-tailed duck
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Anseriformes | Anatidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Others; freshwater; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 83519), usually 0 - 3 m (Ref. 115862).  Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Pacific Ocean and Northern Atlantic and the Arctic: Alaska, Canada, Russia and USA.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94965); max. published weight: 648.50 g (Ref. 356)

Short description Morphology

Culmen: 2.65 cm; tarsus: 3.495 cm; wing: 22.0 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum common depth based on occurrence (Ref. 115862). To be replaced with a better reference. Primarily lives in coastal marine waters approximately 9 months in a year. During breeding season, it frequents shallow wetlands towards the edge of the boreal forest; while non-breeding birds use deeper ponds, lakes and nearshore marine areas. Winter along the Pacific coast from the Bering Sea to as far as California; and some from Alaska may reach the northern Bering Sea across to Russia Foraging behavior involves diving and swimming underwater up to a depth of less than 9 meters. This duck has been recorded to dive up to 60 meters (Ref. 83519). Common diving depth is 2-3 m (9-10 ft) (Ref. 115862).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sea Duck Joint Venture. 2003. (Ref. 83519)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A4bce); Date assessed: 07 August 2018

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)


Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 14, mean 6 (based on 3047 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown