Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848). Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 5°W - 37°E (Ref. 848)
Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: phaceloid up to 0.5 m across. Corallites: tubular, 4 to 5 mm diameter, compacted to clumps. Alternating order of septo-costae, often only the first reach the columella. Both columellae and paliform tubes may be well developed. Zooxanthellate only at shallow depths, where light penetrates. Color: cream or brown; brown tentacles (Ref. 848).
Known from infra- and circalittoral zones (Ref. 85338), occurring in shallow rocky substrates, to deep water for azooxanthellate colonies (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 17.6 - 21.6, mean 19.3 (based on 472 cells).