Demospongiae | Spirophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 4 - 100 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Shape varies as globular, almost spherical, or erect egg-shaped; apex usually flattened or depressed. Common width is between 15 to 20 cm. Surface scarred with numerous round cup-like depressions, i.e., porocalices, concentrating in the apical depression. Radiated spicules, protruding tips make remaining surface bristly. External color: orange, yellow-orange, or brownish orange. May be brown due to presence of algae or cyanobacteria. Rich yellow internally. Consistency elastic but firm. Few oscules.
Occurs in medium-energy reef environments and deep hard bottoms (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Zea, S., T.P. Henkel and J.R. Pawlik. 2009. (Ref. 81728)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.8 - 27.8, mean 25.7 (based on 340 cells).