Demospongiae | Spirophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 17 - 50 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Globular or subglobular, grows up to 4.5 cm across. Specimens between .05 to 1.5 cm are ovoid erect, rarely stalked. Surface covered with 2 to 6 large elevated cup-like depressions (i.e., porocalices) at widths between .05 to 1 cm. Spicules present, radiated with protruding tips covering the remaining surface. Color ranges from orange to yellow, reddish brown, or gray; paler internally. Firm consistency, small specimens softer. Oscules on top of cone-shaped protuberances, smaller than porocalices. Spongin fibers absent (Ref. 85482).
Occurs in deeper rock pavements and hard bottoms (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Messing, Charles. 2010. (Ref. 85482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.9 - 27.8, mean 24.8 (based on 78 cells).