Demospongiae | Spirophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 3 - 80 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Globular up to 10 cm wide, pockmarked or pitted with blind concave depressions (porocalices): 0.3 - 1.5 cm wide; oscules 0.1 - 0.5 cm wide sometimes visible on the top of the sponge. Orange to yellow externally, lighter internally (Ref. 415). May also be hemispheric in high-energy environments, and pear-shaped in quiet water with high sedimentation. Specimens larger than 8 cm may be massive and cake-shaped. Very firm consistency (Ref. 85482).
Known from depths between 3 to 80 m (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 22.9 - 28, mean 25.9 (based on 274 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)