Bivalvia | Pectinida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 4 - 250 m (Ref. 3710), usually 40 - 100 m (Ref. 106788). Polar; ? - 15°C (Ref. 3706), preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 82°N - 32°N, 180°W - 180°E
Atlantic Ocean, Pacific and the Arctic: UK and Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Alaska to USA and Japan. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78075); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 8702)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Wiborg, K.F. 1963. (Ref. 3710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 3.1 - 14.8, mean 10 (based on 1007 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100)