Holothuroidea | Apodida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2000 - 2830 m (Ref. 474). Tropical
Central Pacific: Manus and North Fiji basins and East-Pacific Ridge.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 474); common length : 0.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Opportunistic. Lives on different biotopes, e.g., gastropod and mussel beds, barnacle fields, rock cracks. Has the ability to switch between suspension- and deposit-feeding (Ref. 474).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.
Smirnov, A.V., A.V. Gebruk, S.V. Galkin and T. Shank. 2000. (Ref. 474)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.8 - 1.9, mean 1.9 (based on 14 cells).
Low vulnerability (16 of 100).