Polyplacophora | Chitonida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 290). Temperate
Eastern Pacific: Canada and Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 290)
Body: Elongate oval. Tegmentum color: Variable, may be orange, dark red, greyish brown, with or without large patches of black; Some brightly colored specimens have tail valves that are completely black. Sculpture: Radiating, often branching rows of large granules on the head valve (30-36 rows) and lateral areas (5-8), the rows usually not reaching the apex. Central areas: Fine, close-set lines of granules, the lines becoming larger and further apart towards the outer margins of the valves. Postmucronal area: Scarce, scattered granules. Mucro: Submedian in younger specimens; subterminal in full-grown specimens. Girdle: Rather narrow, evenly orange-brown or greyish brown; with spicules of varying types and sizes; a marginal fringe of straight spicules (290). Valves: Range from bright orange with black tail valve (and white spot) to ashy green with same markings (Ref. 296).
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Polyplacophora are mostly gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into lecitotrophic planktonic trocophore larvae (no veliger stage) which later metamorphose and settle on the bottom as young adults.
Dickson, R. 2002. (Ref. 290)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.7 - 28.2, mean 10.6 (based on 52 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)