Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Eastern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
It is found in littoral and subtidal areas, encrusting on all types of substrate (Ref. 87801). An epibenthic-suspension/filter feeder that thrives in particulate organic matter and phytoplankton (Ref. 93816). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models