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Caulastraea echinulata   (Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1849)

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drawing shows typical species in Merulinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Merulinidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848).  Tropical; 28°N - 23°S, 95°E - 154°E (Ref. 848)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology

Formation: phaceloid. Corallites: often closely compacted, less than 10 mm across. Septa: exsert, irregular but approximately uniform in width, if not height. Polyps: fleshy, conceals septal characters. Color: tan to dark brown with pale oral discs (Ref. 848).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in horizontal substrates with turbid water, away from wave action (Ref. 848).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nemenzo, F. Sr. 1986. (Ref. 910)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A4cd); Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES status (Ref. 108899)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Hexacorallians of the World | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.5 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 962 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown