Merostomata | Xiphosura
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthopelagic; brackish. Tropical; 36°N - 12°S, 68°E - 149°E
Indo-West Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 69)
Found in mangrove swamps (Ref. 70). Breeds in freshwater streams (Ref. 68). Found at times of spring low tide in extensive mud or sand flats (Ref. 1131). Occurs at the low tide mark.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lee, C.N. and B. Morton. 2005. (Ref. 1131)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)