Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-West Pacific and Southeast Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 550.00 g (Ref. 356)
Wingspan: 122 cm (Ref. 8812). Threats are human exploitation, fishing nets and introduced predators (Ref. 84934). Surface seizing; shallow plunging (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 16.9 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2764 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100)