Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 53.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 600.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 5.43 cm; tarsus: 5.34 cm; wing: 35.1 cm.
Total Length: 46 to 53 cm; Wingspan: 111 cm (Ref. 8812). Mediterranean populations overwinter mainly in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. Known oversea and at the shore (Ref. 83946). Surface seizing; shallow plunging; steep surface salinity and temperature gradient (Ref. 81748).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.9 - 26.6, mean 19.2 (based on 1680 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100)