Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Found on the beach, shoreline, bay and nearshore (Ref. 116102). During migration, and in winter, prefer grassier habitats. Often feed in flocks with other shorebirds. Widely omnivorous; have broad feeding niches particularly during the autumn and spring migrations. Breed on the ground in the Arctic tundra, along the coasts of Alaska, Mackenzie and eastern Siberia. Tropical winter range in Ecuador, South America, migrates from Louisiana and South Dakota, USA during autumn and spring. Metacercariae picked up during migration from intermediate molluscan hosts (Ref. 95178).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gaydos, J.K. and S.F. Pearson. 2011. (Ref. 93905)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models