Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 15 - 128 m (Ref. 116066). Subtropical
Mediterranean Sea and Antarctic Indian Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth from Ref. 3117. Epibenthic, encrusting (Ref. 116066). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando. 1999. (Ref. 2672)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.9 - 21.3, mean 14 (based on 236 cells).