Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 20 - 300 m (Ref. 86508). Temperate
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea: North Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth range reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 4.5 - 21.1, mean 8.1 (based on 911 cells).