Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 45 m (Ref. 7727). Tropical
Indo-Pacific. Tropical and warm temperate climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 844)
Assumed maximum length from Ref. 844. Known from immediate subtidal to 20 m, in sand and fine gravel (Ref. 337). Few dead shells on the beaches (Ref. 88739). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Debelius, H. 2001. (Ref. 844)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 17.6 - 28.2, mean 26.5 (based on 360 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)