Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Northern Atlantic, Northern Pacific and the Arctic: Alaska, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and Europe. Temperate to polar climates.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726)
Known from subtidal to deep water on hard substrates; encrusted with marine plants and bryozoans. Thrives in current and surge swept areas (Ref. 7726). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Hansson, H.G. 1989. (Ref. 3399)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.5 - 10.3, mean 3.5 (based on 1095 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)