Holothuroidea | Holothuriida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 800). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific, except the Hawaiian Islands.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 118)
Cuverian tubules are extruded almost immediately after disturbance (Ref. 800). It occurs in coarse coral sand, from the intertidal to a depth of 20 m (Ref. 800). It is a burrowing form and comes out of the mud during cloudy days and at night (Ref. 118) being a nocturnal species (Ref. 85218). Particularly prefers reef flats and seagrass beds (Ref. 85218). Small individuals are usually buried in the sand while larger specimens are covered with a thin layer of sand (Ref. 800).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning observed in March and April (Ref. 800).
Fischer, W., I. Sousa, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Féral and A. Massinga. 1990. (Ref. 418)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 (based on 2973 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).