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Blackfordia virginica   Mayer, 1910

black sea jellyfish
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Hydrozoa | Leptothecata | Blackfordiidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Pelagic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 116114).  Boreal

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific, Western Atlantic and the Black Sea: native to the Black Sea and introduced worldwide. Mostly boreal, but also in subtropical and tropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.8 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2376)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Estuarine, neritic (Ref. 116114). Found mostly in bays and harbors (introduced by shipping). Tolerates salinities of 3 to 35 ppm, i.e., eurythermal; feeds on copepods, copepod nauplii and barnacle nauplii (Ref. 2376). Species exhibits both asexual and sexual reproduction by budding during hydroid stage and release of gametes in medusae stages (Ref. 1663, p. 19, 26).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Species exhibits both asexual and sexual reproduction by budding during hydroid stage and release of gametes in medusae stages (Ref. 1663, p. 19, 26).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Wrobel, D. and C.E. Mills. 1998. (Ref. 2376)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown