You can sponsor this page

Berthellina citrina   (Ruppell & Leuckart, 1828)

orange gumdrop

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Berthellina citrina  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos 
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Berthellina citrina (orange gumdrop)
Berthellina citrina
Picture by Harasti, David

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Notaspidea | Pleurobranchidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 7727).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumglobal tropical and temperate seas.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 844)

Short description Morphology

Often with small flat shell remnant hidden in mantle above digestive gland. Color ranges from translucent pale yellow to bright red; back covered with small white gland cells which secrete milky white secretion as a defense mechanism.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Assumed maximum length from Ref. 844. Known from depths of 0 to 150 m (Ref. 7727); and at shallow subtidal depths under boulders on reefs; shells to 40 m (Ref. 337) and in rock pools up to 2 m. Hides under rocks at daytime, active at night (Ref. 844). Reported as a scavenger (Ref. 866) and as feeding on a variety of sponges and three species of corals, i.e., Tubastrea coccinea, Leptastrea sp. And Porites lobata (Ref. 84066). Members of the order Notaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Notaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Burn, R. 2006. (Ref. 7727)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

| FishSource |


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.1 - 28.8, mean 26.1 (based on 1478 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)