Ascidiacea | Stolidobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1150 - 7880 m (Ref. 2588). Subtropical
Antarctic, Mediterranean, Atlantic and Indo-Pacific: From Antarctica to sub-Antarctic islands and South America.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Maximum depth from Ref. 3382.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Primo, C. and E. Vazquez. 2004. (Ref. 1756)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.5 - 3, mean 1.8 (based on 14815 cells).