Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 5000 m (Ref. 1747). Polar
Antarctic Atlantic and Southeast Pacific: From Antarctica to South America.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2588)
Minimum depth from Ref. 3435. Occurs from 75 to 4636 m (Ref. 1747), from 50 to 4636 m, a eurybathic species. It reaches 10 cm in diameter (Ref. 2588). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez. 1995. (Ref. 1747)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.2 - 2.5, mean 0.7 (based on 1332 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)