Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 101364). Polar, preferred 14°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 53°S, 68°E - 175°W
Southwest Pacific and Antarctic Indian Ocean: New Zealand, Chatham Island and Kerguelen. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Estuarine species. Lives in near surface sediments (Ref. 121878), in intertidal sandflats (Ref. 101358) and sandy muddy mid-tidal areas (Ref. 101361). This is a suspension feeder (Refs. 101363, 121878).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Spurgeon, A. 2007. (Ref. 8121)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models