Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 165 - 860 m (Ref. 90015). Polar
Antarctic: Terre Adelie, Bouvet Island and Antarctica.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Southern Ocean Mollusc Database (SOMBASE). 2011. (Ref. 87340)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.4 - 1.3, mean -0.2 (based on 237 cells).