Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 70 m (Ref. 107521). Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean, Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Known from circalittoral zones (Ref. 85338). Believed to be a warm water species with narrow temperature tolerance (Ref. 115189). Common azooxanthellate, generally in shaded habitats, below overhangs or cave entrances (Ref. 107537). In fissures of rocky shores. Appears in two forms: the flat one lives in shallow waters while the turf shape lives in deeper waters, caves, and slopes (Ref. 115189).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Vafidis, D. 2010. (Ref. 85338)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 16.9 - 19.6, mean 19.1 (based on 14 cells).