Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 80 - 3300 m (Ref. 127635), usually 350 - 800 m (Ref. 80214). Tropical, preferred 19°C (Ref. 107945)
Western Indian Ocean, Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Portugal to the Cape Verde Islands and the entire Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.2  range ? - ? cm Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 7.1 cm CL (female); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 80242)
Demersal (Ref. 80214). Maximum length for females from Ref. 80234. Demersal on muddy bottoms of slopes of continental shelf, in zones close to submarine canyons. Moves from depths of 200 m during the night to 800 m during the day, and changes location within the year (Ref. 80214). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates mainly crustaceans and polychaetes and also carrion (Ref. 434).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.6 - 18.3, mean 13.3 (based on 351 cells).
Prior r = 0.48, 95% CL = 0.32 - 0.72, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (12 of 100).